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Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine.  A practitioner is a chiropractor.  It concentrates on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders of the nervesbones and muscles of the skeletal system.  It's primary therapeutic technique is the manual manipulation of the spine, other bones, and soft tissue.  

Originally, chiropractic practitioners were of the general belief that all human disease was related to disorders of the skeletal system.  However, the majority of modern practitioners concentrate solely on chiropractic's benefit to the skeletal system, particularly the treatment of skeletal pain, particularly back pain and some types of arthritis, where evidence exists that patients have better outcomes.  Modern practitioners also are open to the benefits of medicine and other practitioners, such as massage therapists.  

Once considered a pseudoscience with no clinical benefit, modern practitioners have been more open to techniques such as clinical trials and, as a result, chiropractic is now accepted by many physicians and has become a mainstream medical treatment, usually covered under health insurance plans.  

Chiropractic practitioners now receive training similar to that of a physician, but usually spend less time in a clinical setting dealing with patients and more time in classrooms.  It is a licensed health care profession in most of the United States, Canada and Australia.

Chiropractic at Wikipedia

Chiropractor Finder in the United States