Infertility is an inability to conceive and bear children. It can describe a total inability, describe extreme difficulty in conceiving, or in a woman can describe an inability to carry a pregnancy to term. Either prospective parent can be the cause and it often requires extensive testing to determine the underlying cause, which can include:

Treatment of infertility depend on the underlying problem. In modern medicine, the use of fertility drugs (that stimulate the release of the ovum from the ovaries) and technologies like in-vitro fertilization and surrogate motherhood are in common use. However, in up to 20% of cases, the underlying cause of the infertility remains unknown.

Infertility at Wikipedia

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